It is possible that Spinoza, as he made progress through his studies, was being groomed for a career as a rabbi. But he never made it into the upper levels of the curriculum, those which included advanced study of Talmud.
Courtesy Mindy Pollak, right, at an Outremont council meeting. Courtesy Mindy Pollak, center right, behind Montreal Mayor Valerie Plante at a press conference during the political campaign.
They were there to attend the monthly session of the local governing body. Before the meeting officially began, the atmosphere in the large, high-ceilinged room was more charged than usual.
With people seated, the mayor and four councilors entered the room. Pollak, 29, seemed in her element. Before claiming her seat at the front of the chamber to the left of the mayor, she showed the aplomb of a seasoned politician.
Reflecting her warm, friendly manner, Pollak made a point to greet individual residents, engaging them effortlessly in French or English.
Among those in the audience was her mother, Elka, who attends all of the monthly meetings. Pollak is negotiating unchartered territory for someone of her background. To her knowledge, no other Hasidic woman outside Israel has ever entered the political arena as she has.
Her closest counterpart is Rachel Freierwho became the first Hasidic woman elected to public office in the United States when she won the race for New York civil court judge in Re-elected last November for her second term as a councilor in the Montreal borough of Outremont, Pollak is an astute, highly respected politician.
When the Projet Montreal party asked her to be a candidate in the election, she wrestled with the decision. The novelty of an extremely religious, young, single Jewish woman running for political office in a secular environment rubbed some people the wrong way. Others dismissed her prospects for winning.
A Hasidic mecca Montreal is home to one of the largest Hasidic communities outside Israel, much of it concentrated in the largely residential, predominantly francophone borough of Outremont.
Nearly a quarter of its 25, residents are Yiddish-speaking ultra-devout Jews. This juxtaposition sometimes makes for an uneasy co-existence. The rebbe of the Vizhnitz Hasidic dynasty, center. A small group of activists, some with anti-Semitic tendencies, have taken issue with aspects of the Hasidic religious, insular lifestyle.
Local politics and controversial bylaws arguably aimed at the fast-growing Hasidic community have exacerbated relations.
A political career is born Born in Montreal, Pollak is the second-youngest of five siblings. For many years, her British-raised mother and Montreal-born father owned a bridal-wear salon.
Pollak first became active in the community in while working as a beautician. Opposition to a proposed synagogue expansion led to a referendum on the project. During a fractious campaign, an unlikely local supporter of Hasidic residents emerged. Mindy Pollak outside with a group of children.
She and Pollak founded a grassroots neighborhood organization and became good friends. Pollak faced multiple challenges, especially as it was her first election campaign.
She overcame misconceptions many voters had about religious Jews. Closer to home, in her own deeply traditional Hasidic community, some strongly opposed the idea of a woman entering the political fray. Mindy Pollak with constituents in a school gym. Ultimately, so did certain rabbis from her Vishnitzer sect who said if there was no other viable option to help the beleaguered Hasidic community, then a female candidate was acceptable as there was no clear prohibition against such an initiative.
Others were less understanding. This was perfectly understandable, as traditionally women have not been public figures of the Hasidic community. Courtesy Negativity from her own community is clearly a sensitive subject for Pollak, who tried to sidestep it during her interview with The Times of Israel.Rahul Gandhi is the biggest buffoon.
He is an asset for us, the more he comes (to Telangana) the more seats we will win. Caretaker Telangana Chief Minister - K Chandrashekhar Rao. Any adequate analysis of Spinoza’s identification of God and Nature will show clearly that Spinoza cannot be a pantheist in the second, immanentist sense.
For Spinoza, there is nothing but Nature and its attributes and modes. Books. Safety with Dignity means celebrating the expertise and craftsmanship that make things go well, and offering compassion, support and learning when they don’t.
The chief aim of Interpretation is not instruction, but provocation. Interpretation should aim to present a whole rather than a part, and must address itself to the whole man rather than any phase.
Interpretation addressed to children (say up to the age of twelve) should not be a dilution of the presentation to adults, but should follow a. Jan 03, · What is the chief purpose of man?
Is it to enjoy our unalienable rights, including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness? According to the Ecclesiastes 12, the chief purpose of man is to know our Creator, Shepherd and God.
Remember Your Creator and Recognize His Power/5(5). Scholarly Papers; Book/Film Reviews; News & Magazine Articles; South African City Press Column; Afrocentricity: Toward a New Understanding of African Thought in the World.