Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. The influence of oral traditions on modern writers Themes in the literary traditions of contemporary Africa are worked out frequently within the strictures laid down by the imported religions Christianity and Islam and within the struggle between traditional and modern, between rural and newly urban, between genders, and between generations. The oral tradition is clearly evident in the popular literature of the marketplace and the major urban centres, created by literary storytellers who are manipulating the original materials much as oral storytellers do, at the same time remaining faithful to the tradition. Some of the early writers sharpened their writing abilities by translating works into African languages; others collected oral tradition; most experienced their apprenticeships in one way or another within the contexts of living oral traditions.
In context, the post-colonial did not aim at occupying the Centre in the Centre-periphery binarism but engaging in a dialectical intertextuality. In the process of founding a counter-discursive literature which is heteroglot in context, many post-colonial theorists, writers and even cultural activists were urged to launch a project of re-reading the colonial discourse and refuting the necessity of establishing a homogeneous culture.
The rejection of the western educational philosophy, the transformation in the social structure and the construction of an African model of life were among the serious issues for the post-colonial writers.
Supposedly, it is quite logically that the counter- canon literature in Africa was aiming at deconstructing the western model and the colonial heritage; however one should bear in mind that the imperial powers wanted heavily to keep control even after the end of occupation.
Discourse 1 at base can be depicted as an expression of an ideology, a fact that renders the ruling groups in any society in a position of influence.
With a logical idea in mind, literature in any culture is situational, in which the context determines the meaning; even a theory is an attempt to explain and predict behavior in particular contexts.
However, if not universally, one cannot deny this hypothesis when it comes to committed literature. The paradoxical inconsistency in this article lays in the following questions: How far the western education of the African ruling elite paralyzed the accomplishment of the African project of aidentity?
In trying to achieve this, the present article will be based to on the viewpoints of Sociology. So as to be effective, the reliance on sociological views in generalizing a literary problematic cannot go without entwining it with some catchy ideas in cultural studies.
Discourse, post -colonialism, dialectical intertextuality, Educational Philosophy. This might have pros and cons of melting or adopting certain principles of the European literary theories on African post-colonial Literary production. The notion of discourse beneath structuralism and post structuralism was a source of reference for the leading figures in the Post-colonial theory.
Discourse at once, cannot be generated unless one should bear in mind that it is an expression of History, Society and Politics and thus ideology in each. In the s, many anthropologist, historians and writers justified the imperial policies via Discourse.
Basically, Literature after colonialism rallied behind combating the the western hegemony by deconstructing the Neo-colonial schools, where the Western discourse was working at teaching the African minds the ways of submission, and to blind them about the ways of liberation.
From a Sociological stand point, Hegemony implies domination via discourse, the fact that might not remedy the African culture, rather it might situate its culture in confrontation with the western disource. However, the erroneous perception of the western discourse necessitated a total rejection of its principles since culture was the recurrent question for the Africans.
Contrary to the way most critics understand the use of discourse by the African post-colonial writers, there was an absence of a solid ground, where discourse should be produced with one-self, adoption means subordination, and resistance thereupon would be ineffective and suicidal.
Culture for Ibn Khaldun is the one which distinguishes him from other societies.
We found that many referential steps were overwhelmingly used to envision the indebtedness of the African post-colonial literary production to a bunch of seminal2 works, which were employed in their studying of the colonial-discourse. The wrong perception of the notion of discourse has largely touched the sub-conscious of the African culture.
Understanding discourse beneath structuralism and post structuralism schools, as a source of reference for the leading figures and cultural activists has created an anti-thesis for the African thesis. From a Marxist point of view, the western discourse has one meaning, a meaning that believes fiercely in the superiority and the civility of the white and the opposite for the black.
This relationship has cultural markers Fanon says.Learning about African American literature is an important way for students to develop their understanding of the literary canon. This lesson offers essay topics that will help students think more.
African literature, literary works of the African continent. African literature consists of a body of work in different languages and various genres, ranging from oral literature to literature written in colonial languages (French, Portuguese, and English).
This work is made possible with a Tobacco-Free Communities grant of the Minnesota Department of Health & is a partnership between the American Lung Association of Minnesota, Live Smoke Free (a program of the Association for Nonsmokers – Minnesota), the Minnesota Department of Health, & the Public Health Law Center.
- Thesis Statement: To examine societies contribution to the destruction of the urban African-American male, one must further explain the educational system, racism toward the African-American male, and male role models in society; in doing so it will interpret the meaning to Jawanza Kunjufu first volume: Countering the Conspiracy to Destroy Black .
The editorial guidance for these essays appears far superior to Ojaide’s past books, including Poetic Imagination in Black Africa, Ordering the African Imagination, and Culture, Society, and Politics in Modern African Literature, among others.
As usual, Ojaide’s claims depend on his view that literature is a cultural production.
African American literature tried, and still does, to illustrate the implications of the African-American presence in the United States. The writings of many early authors have confronted the Declaration of Independence's "allegation" that in America all citizens had a right to freedom and equality.