Tweet Freudian Dream Tools: According to Freud, dreams always have a manifest and latent content.
Popular Blog The Jungian Model of the Psyche Few people have had as much influence on modern psychology as Carl Jung; we have Jung to thank for concepts like extroversion and introversion, archetypes, modern dream analysis, and the collective unconscious.
Psychological terms coined by Jung include the archetype, the complex, synchronicity, and it is from his work that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI was developed, a popular staple of personality tests today.
Jung saw the psyche as something that could be divided into component parts with complexes and archetypal contents personified, in a metaphorical sense, and functioning rather like secondary selves that contribute to the whole.
His concept of the psyche is broken down as follows: It is the part that links the inner and outer worlds together, forming how we relate to that which is external to us. How a person relates to the external world is, according to Jung, determined by their levels of extroversion or introversion and how they make use of the functions of thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition.
Some people have developed more of one or two of these facets than the others, which shapes how they perceive the world around them. The origin of the ego lies in the self archetypewhere it forms over the course of early development as the brain attempts to add meaning and value to its various experiences.
The ego is just one small portion of the self, however; Jung believed that consciousness is selective, and the ego is the part of the self that selects the most relevant information from the environment and chooses a direction to take based on it, while the rest of the information sinks into the unconscious.
It may, therefore, show up later in the form of dreams or visions, thus entering into the conscious mind. Jung also saw the unconscious as the house of potential future development, the place where as yet undeveloped elements coalesced into conscious form.
Unlike Freud, Jung believed complexes could be very diverse, rather than individuals simply having a core sexual complex. Complexes often behave in a rather automatic manner, which can lead to a person feeling like the behaviour that arises from them is out of his or her control. Complexes are strongly influenced by the collective unconsciousand as such, tend to have archetypal elements.
In a healthy individual, complexes are seldom a problem, and indeed are likely key to balancing the rather one-sided views of the ego so that development can occur.
If the person is mentally unwell, however, and unable to regulate his or herself as seen in those experiencing dissociation between these statescomplexes may become overt and more of an issue. In these cases, the ego is damaged, and is therefore not strong enough to make use of the complexes via sound reflection, granting them a full and unruly life of their own.
To treat such people, Jung looked more toward future development than simply dealing with their pasts; he tried to find what the symptoms meant and hoped to achieve, and work with them from that angle.
It has been observed that these behaviours in animals are activated by environmental stimuli in the same manner that Jung felt human behaviours are brought to the fore. This aspect of the archetype, the purely biological one, is the proper concern of scientific psychology.
All of these things come together to find expression in the psyche, and are frequently reflected in our stories and myths. Jung did not rule out the spiritual, despite the biological basis he described the personality as having; he also felt there was an opposing spiritual polarity which greatly impacts the psyche.
The Self The Self, according to Jung, was the sum total of the psyche, with all its potential included. This is the part of the psyche that looks forward, that contains the drive toward fulfillment and wholeness.
In this, the Self was said to drive the process of individuation, the quest of the individual to reach his or her fullest potential.
The Shadow Those traits that we dislike, or would rather ignore, come together to form what Jung called the Shadow. This part of the psyche, which is also influenced heavily by the collective unconscious, is a form of complex, and is generally the complex most accessible by the conscious mind.
Without a well-developed shadow side, a person can easily become shallow and extremely preoccupied with the opinions of others, a walking Persona. Just as conflict is necessary to advancing the plot of any good novel, light and dark are necessary to our personal growth.
Jung believed that, not wanting to look at their Shadows directly, many people project them onto others, meaning that the qualities we often cannot stand in others, we have in ourselves and wish to not see.
Anima and animus According to Jung, the anima and animus are the contra-sexual archetypes of the psyche, with the anima being in a man and animus in a woman.
Individuation Individuation, to Jung, was the quest for wholeness that the human psyche invariably undertakes, the journey to become conscious of his or herself as a unique human being, but unique only in the same sense that we all are, not more or less so than others.
Jung did not try to run from the importance of conflict to human psychology; he saw it as inherent and necessary for growth. This symbol was seen as a product of the unconscious rather than of rational thought, and carried with it aspects of both the conscious and unconscious worlds in its work as a transformative agent.
The development that springs from this transmutation, which is so essential to Jungian psychology, is the process of individuation.Stages of Development or Psychosexual Development-> Freud's Psyhosexual Stages of Development (by David B.
Stevenson)-> Modules on Freud (timberdesignmag.com) Dream Theory-> A short introductory paper on dreams-> Examples of dreams interpreted and resources - site section-> About the Dream Work (timberdesignmag.com)-> Freudian Dream Theory .
The Second Coming of Sigmund Freud. Just as the old psychoanalyst seemed destined for history's trash heap, neuroscientists .
Sigmund Freud was the father of psychoanalysis and one of the 20th century’s most influential thinkers. Learn more at timberdesignmag.com Dream Interpretation and Psychoanalysis. By J Jones In the first pages of his work New Introductory Lectures On Psychoanalysis, dated December 6 th , Sigmund Freud clearly asserts that the theory of dreams "occupies a special place in the history of psychoanalysis and marks a turning-point; it was with it that analysis took the step from being a psychotherapeutic procedure to being a depth.
First and foremost in dream theory is Sigmund Freud. Falling into the psychological camp, Dr. Freud's theories are based on the idea of repressed longing -- the desires that we aren't able to express in a social setting.
Freud's work, The Interpretation of Dreams, has a direct relationship to the "Project for a Scientific Psychology." This work provided an outline for Chapter 7, the theoretical chapter, of the dream timberdesignmag.com Interpretation of Dreamscan be viewed as a completion of, or an alternative to, the Project.