Thomas Pogge[ edit ] Thomas Pogge 's arguments pertain to a standard of social justice that creates human rights deficits. He assigns responsibility to those who actively cooperate in designing or imposing the social institution, that the order is foreseeable as harming the global poor and is reasonably avoidable. Pogge argues that social institutions have a negative duty to not harm the poor.
History[ edit ] The principles of Catholic social teaching, though rooted in the Old Testament custom of the Jubilee  first began to be combined together into a system in the late nineteenth century. Since then, successive popes have added to and developed the church's body of social teaching, principally through the medium of encyclical letters.
Rerum novarum[ edit ] The publication of Leo XIII 's encyclical Rerum novarum in marked the beginning of the development of a recognizable body of social teaching in the Catholic Church. It dealt with persons, systems and structures, the three co-ordinates of the modern promotion of justice and peace, now established as integral to the church's mission.
In the years which followed there have been numerous encyclicals and messages on social issues; various forms of Catholic action developed in different parts of the world; and social ethics taught in schools and seminaries.
To mark the 40th anniversary of Rerum novarum, Pope Pius XI issued Quadragesimo anno, which expanded on some of its themes. This encyclical expanded the church's social doctrine to cover the relations between rich and poor nations, examining the obligation of rich countries to assist poor countries while respecting their particular cultures.
It includes an examination of the threat of global economic imbalances to world peace. Peace on Earththe first encyclical addressed to both Catholics and non-Catholics. In it, the Pope linked the establishment of world peace to the laying of a foundation consisting of proper rights and responsibilities between individuals, social groups, and states from the local to the international level.
He exhorted Catholics to understand and apply the social teachings: Once again we exhort our people to take an active part in public life, and to contribute towards the attainment of the common good of the entire human family as well as to that of their own country.
They should endeavor, therefore, in the light of the Faith and with the strength of love, to ensure that the various institutions—whether economic, social, cultural or political in purpose — should be such as not to create obstacles, but rather to facilitate or render less arduous people's perfectioning of themselves both in the natural order as well as in the supernatural.
Unlike earlier documents, this is an expression of all the bishops, and covers a wide range of issues of the relationship of social concerns and Christian action. At its core, the document asserts the fundamental dignity of each human being, and declares the church's solidarity with both those who suffer, and those who would comfort the suffering: The joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the people of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ.
The Development of Peoples. It asserts that free international trade alone is not adequate to correct these disparities and supports the role of international organizations in addressing this need. Paul called on rich nations to meet their moral obligation to poor nations, pointing out the relationship between development and peace.
The intention of the church is not to take sides, but to be an advocate for basic human dignity: There can be no progress towards the complete development of individuals without the simultaneous development of all humanity in the spirit of solidarity.
But, since the Church lives in history, she ought to "scrutinize the signs of the times and interpret them in the light of the Gospel. Evangelization in the Modern World. In it he asserts that combating injustice is an essential part of evangelizing modern peoples. Of particular importance were his encyclical Laborem exercens and Centesimus annus in On one hand there is a growing moral sensitivity alert to the value of every individual as a human being without any distinction of race, nationality, religion, political opinion, or social class.
On the other hand these proclamations are contradicted in practice. How can these solemn affirmations be reconciled with the widespread attacks on human life and the refusal to accept those who are weak, needy, elderly, or just conceived?The Criminal Justice, Philosophy, and Political Science Department recognizes and is committed to implementing University policy against sexual harassment and discrimination, as .
Catholic social teaching is the Catholic doctrines on matters of human dignity and common good in society. The ideas address oppression, the role of the state, subsidiarity, social organization, concern for social justice, and issues of wealth distribution.
Political Parties and the Electoral Process Political parties are the vehicles used by individuals contesting for various representative positions in Government in an attempt to assume office. The term political party broadly refers to the organization which provides the platform for politicians to ascend to power.
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