My script for 43 slides in 10 minutes, PechaKucha style, and I finished ahead of time! My purpose was to do three things:
Definition[ edit ] Marketing is defined by the American Marketing Association as "the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large.
From a sales process engineering perspective, marketing is "a set of processes that are interconnected and interdependent with other functions" of a business aimed at achieving customer interest and satisfaction.
The Chartered Institute of Marketing defines marketing as "the management process responsible for identifying, anticipating and satisfying customer requirements profitably. However, because the academic study of marketing makes extensive use of social sciencespsychologysociologymathematicseconomicsanthropology and neurosciencethe profession is now widely recognized as a science,  [ not in citation given ]allowing numerous universities to offer Master-of-Science MSc programs.
Concept[ edit ] The 'marketing concept' proposes that in order to satisfy the organizational objectives, an organization should anticipate the needs and wants of potential consumers and satisfy them more effectively than its competitors.
Given the centrality of customer needs and wants in marketing, a rich understanding of these concepts is essential: Something necessary for people to live a healthy, stable and safe life.
When needs remain unfulfilled, there is a clear adverse outcome: Needs can be objective and physical, such as the need for food, water, and shelter; or subjective and psychological, such as the need to belong to a family or social group and the need for self-esteem.
Something that is desired, wished for or aspired to. Wants are not essential for basic survival and are often shaped by culture or peer-groups. When needs and wants are backed by the ability to paythey have the potential to become economic demands.
Marketing research, conducted for the purpose of new product development or product improvement, is often concerned with identifying the consumer's unmet needs. A product orientation is based on the assumption that, all things being equal, consumers will purchase products of a superior quality.
The approach is most effective when the firm has deep insights into customers and their needs and desires derived from research and or intuition and understands consumers' quality expectations and price they are willing to pay. For example, Sony Walkman and Apple iPod were innovative product designs that addressed consumers' unmet needs.
Although the product orientation has largely been supplanted by the marketing orientation, firms practising a product orientation can still be found in haute couture and in arts marketing. Consequently, this entails simply selling existing products, using promotion and direct sales techniques to attain the highest sales possible.
A meta analyses  has found that the factors with the greatest impact on sales performance are a salesperson's sales related knowledge knowledge of market segments, sales presentation skills, conflict resolution, and productsdegree of adaptiveness changing behaviour based on the aforementioned knowledgerole clarity salesperson's role is to expressly to sellcognitive aptitude intelligence and work engagement motivation and interest in a sales role.
A production orientation may be deployed when a high demand for a product or service exists, coupled with certainty that consumer tastes and preferences remain relatively constant similar to the sales orientation.
The so-called production era is thought to have dominated marketing practice from the s to the s, but other theorists argue that evidence of the production orientation can still be found in some companies or industries. Specifically Kotler and Armstrong note that the production philosophy is "one of the oldest philosophies that guides sellers Market orientation The marketing orientation is perhaps the most common orientation used in contemporary marketing.
It is a customer-centric approach that involves a firm basing its marketing program around products that suit new consumer tastes. A firm in the market economy can survive by producing goods that persons are willing and able to buy.
Consequently, ascertaining consumer demand is vital for a firm 's future viability and even existence as a going concern. In this sense, a firm's marketing department is often seen as of prime importance within the functional level of an organization.
Information from an organization's marketing department would be used to guide the actions of other department's within the firm. As an example, a marketing department could ascertain via marketing research that consumers desired a new type of product, or a new usage for an existing product.
The production department would then start to manufacture the product, while the marketing department would focus on the promotion, distribution, pricing, etc.
Additionally, a firm's finance department would be consulted, with respect to securing appropriate funding for the development, production and promotion of the product. Inter-departmental conflicts may occur, should a firm adhere to the marketing orientation.
Production may oppose the installation, support and servicing of new capital stock, which may be needed to manufacture a new product.
Finance may oppose the required capital expenditure, since it could undermine a healthy cash flow for the organization. As no-one has to buy goods from any one supplier in the market economy, firms must entice consumers to buy goods with contemporary marketing ideals. Societal marketing A number of scholars and practitioners have argued that marketers have a greater social responsibility than simply satisfying customers and providing them with superior value.
Instead, marketing activities should strive to benefit society's overall well-being. Marketing organisations that have embraced the societal marketing concept typically identify key stakeholder groups such as employees, customers, and local communities.
They should consider the impact of their activities on all stakeholders. Companies that adopt a societal marketing perspective typically practice triple bottom line reporting whereby they publish social impact and environmental impact reports alongside financial performance reports.
Sustainable marketing or green marketing is an extension of societal marketing. Marketing mix As a mnemonic for 'product', 'price', 'place' and 'promotion', the four Ps are often referred to as the marketing mix or the marketing program,  represent the basic tools which marketers can use to bring their products or services to market.James Duval is a marketing expert who has been cited by Mainstreet, ProBloggingSuccess and MarketingProfs.
He works for Comm, thinking about new tricks and techniques in the email and marketing industries. However, the future looks promising with healthy supply pipeline and robust absorption going forward," said Shajai Jacob, Director, and Head-Marketing, JLL India.
The two-day conclave also gave indications about increasing amicable relationships between offline and online players with global retail giants like Walmart, Amazon, IKEA showing interest in the Indian growth story. Oct 31, · Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.
I write about Agile management, leadership, innovation & narrative. As it happens, “paradigm shift” is a . Nov 16, · Kate Hudson’s Fabletics is a growing $ million business that's fighting Amazon for space in the ‘activewear’ movement. Here's how Fabletics is thinking and - more importantly - acting.
Parking Management: Strategies, Evaluation and Planning Victoria Transport Policy Institute 2 Introduction Parking is an essential component of the transportation system. At the two-day conclave of India Retail Forum that concluded today, experts across the spectrum deliberated on the affluence index and retail potential in the country and the tectonic shift.