November 1, at 6: Frantz Fanon acknowledges the struggles and challenges African Americans face as a result of having their culture stolen from them and why some Africans Americans would rather be silenced to it oppose to fighting for it. Fanon points out how the effect of colonization of a people did more than hold them captive but in totality sought to diminish and destroy a people by any means necessary.
Neo-Colonialism Franz Fanonwho was born in Martinique and educated in France, joined the Algerian National Liberation struggle and became a leader in the struggle against racism and for national liberation. In his speech to the Congress of Black African Writers inhe shows that to achieve national liberation, revolutionaries must start to recreate the national culture that colonialism has systematically destroyed.
The speech is included in his book Wretched of the Earth. As Fanon describes, colonialism systemically destroys national culture.
This cultural obliteration is made possible by the negation of national reality, by new legal relations introduced by the occupying power, by the banishment of the natives and their customs to outlying districts by colonial society, by expropriation, and by the systematic enslaving of men and women.
Defence mechanisms are established. The movement for national liberation turns this around. It is only from that moment that we can speak of a national literature. Here there is, at the level of literary creation, the taking up and clarification of themes which are typically nationalist.
This may be properly called a literature of combat, in the sense that it calls on the whole people to fight for their existence as a nation. Fanon describes from his own experience in Algeria how this change was reflected by the storytellers.
Their public, which was formerly scattered, became compact. The epic, with its typified categories, reappeared; it became an authentic form of entertainment which took on once more a cultural value.
Colonialism made no mistake when from on it proceeded to arrest these storytellers systematically. The contact of the people with the new movement gives rise to a new rhythm of life and to forgotten muscular tensions, and develops the imagination.
Every time the storyteller relates a fresh episode to his public, he presides over a real invocation.
The existence of a new type of man is revealed to the public. Fanon believes that national liberation is not necessarily in contradiction to internationalism.
It is at the heart of national consciousness that international consciousness lives and grows. And this two-fold emerging is ultimately the source of all culture. Effective revolutionary organization requires a full appreciation and support for all the complex aspects of national culture. In the conclusion of Wretched of the Earth, Fanon calls for the development of a "new man" that is not based on the model of "Man" from Europe and the United States: Let us try to create the whole man, whom Europe has been incapable of bringing to triumphant birth.
Two centuries ago, a former European colony decided to catch up with Europe. It succeeded so well that the United States of America became a monster, in which the taints, the sickness and the inhumanity of Europe have grown to appalling dimensions It is a question of the Third World starting a new history of Man.A national culture is the whole body of efforts made by a people in the sphere of thought to describe, Justify, and praise the action through which that people has created Itself and keeps Itself In existence.
As Fanon has just argued, culture derives from national consciousness. There therefore cannot be a culture that isn’t national. There therefore cannot be a culture that isn’t national. National culture is the highest form of culture, and any form of international or global culture has to be based on national culture.
Frantz Fanon, , The Wretched of the Earth Fanon’s quote, repeated on the first page of Nervous Conditions by Tsitsi Dangarembga, seems to state that Fanon held the colonized people of Africa partly responsible for the colonial system of governing and, by extension, the oppression of the African people.
In ‘On National Culture' Fanon observes that it is difficult to have a distinct and separate national culture without having a distinct and separate nation: 'in the colonial situation, culture, which is doubly deprived of the support of . Fanon on "National Culture" In "On National Culture," an essay collected in The Wretched of the Earth, Frantz Fanon foregrounds the following paradox: "national identity," while vital to the emergence of a Third World revolution, paradoxically limits such efforts at liberation because it re-inscribes an essentialist, totalizing, fetishized, often .
Free coursework on Fanons Three Stages Related To The Indigenous People from timberdesignmag.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing. Fanon's three stages to national culture; assimilation, self discovery, and natives to European culture was to help them progress.
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