Arranging Your Classroom Environment For Optimal Functioning Before you go further… Think about the way in which you have organized your classroom or plan to do so.
May How Trauma Affects Child Brain Development The sheer volume of research on trauma, brain development, and outcomes for children can be daunting. Neurons are the building blocks of the brain.
During development, neurons create networks that link to create systems. These systems are how the brain regulates all functions. Brain functions are organized from the most simple to the most complex. The development of these functions is sequential, meaning prior events impact future development.
A key fact that child welfare professionals, judges, and others who work with child welfare-involved families should know is that there are critical developmental times when neural pathways are being formed that can be significantly altered by traumatic events Perry, Trouble with relationships, boundaries, empathy, and social isolation Physical Health: Impaired sensorimotor development, coordination problems, increased medical problems, and somatic symptoms Emotional Regulation: Difficulty identifying or labeling feelings and communicating needs Dissociation: Altered states of consciousness, amnesia, impaired memory Cognitive Ability: Problems with focus, learning, processing new information, language development, planning and orientation to time and space Self-Concept: Lack of consistent sense of self, body image issues, low self-esteem,shame and guilt Behavioral Control: Difficulty controlling impulses, oppositional behavior, aggression, disrupted sleep and eating patterns, trauma re-enactment Source: Cook, et al, Early Childhood Brain development in infancy and early childhood lays the foundation for all future development.
Neural pathways form at great speed and depend on the repetition of experiences. Experiences teach the brain what to expect and how to respond. When experiences are traumatic, the pathways getting the most use are those in response to the trauma; this reduces the formation of other pathways needed for adaptive behavior.
Trauma in early childhood can result in disrupted attachment, cognitive delays, and impaired emotional regulation. Also, the overdevelopment of certain pathways and the underdevelopment of others can lead to impairment later in life Perry, Although this creates a sense of urgency regarding intervention, it is also important to know that the brain has the most plasticity in infancy and early childhood, meaning there is the most opportunity for change.
This is both the reason that prolonged trauma in early childhood can be so devastating, but also a window of opportunity for interventions that can alter the brain in positive ways CWIG, Children and Teens Brain development continues in the school-age years, but more slowly.
During this stage neural pathways are pruned or eliminated to increase efficiency. This process allows the school-age child to master more complex skills, including impulse control, managing emotions, and sustaining attention.
Trauma during this stage of development can have significant impact on learning, social relationships, and school success NCTSN, The impact of trauma at this age also depends on the onset.
If trauma continues into the school-age years from early childhood, the impact is greater on overall functioning. There is some evidence that trauma that begins during the school-age years will have a different impact than trauma that begins in early childhood.
Specifically, school-age onset seems to result in more externalizing behaviors acting out whereas early childhood onset results in more internalizing behaviors withdrawal, depression, self-blame Manly, ; Kaplow, In adolescence the brain goes through another period of accelerated development.
The pruning of unused pathways increases, similar to early childhood. This process makes the brain more efficient, especially the part of the brain that supports attention, concentration, reasoning, and advanced thinking.
Trauma during adolescence disrupts both the development of this part of the brain and the strengthening of the systems that allow this part of the brain to effectively communicate with other systems. What You Can Do Addressing the impact of trauma requires a comprehensive and collaborative approach.
Awareness and understanding of the issue is the first step towards trauma informed practice.The Alliance for Excellent Education’s Action Academy is an online learning community of education advocates. We invite you to create an account, expand your knowledge on the most pressing issues in education, and communicate with others.
Practical changes to the classroom environment can have a major impact on creating a positive learning experience. These changes will enhance students’ wellbeing and create a learning space in which both students and teachers can perform to .
One of the most important things a teacher can do is provide a positive learning experience. Setting up a positive learning environment is tricky, but not difficult.
Learning Disabilities. Malnutrition is a risk factor for developing learning disabilities. Low birth weight -- which may stem from poor maternal nutrition -- may also raise the risk of .
Key Points. Learning styles and preferences vary for each of us and in different situations. By understanding this, and developing the skills that help you learn in a variety of ways, you make the most of your learning potential. Classroom management is the orchestration of the learning environment of a group of individuals within a classroom setting.
In the early s classroom management was seen as .