Allows you to enter the names of all your players or teams.
The output obtained from the rectifier is a pulsating d. So in order to get a pure d. Now, this voltage is given to a voltage regulator to obtain a pure constant dc voltage Transformer Usually, DC voltages are required to operate various electronic equipment and these voltages are 5V, 9V or 12V.
But these voltages cannot be obtained directly. This is done by a transformer. Thus, a step down transformer is employed to decrease the voltage to a required level. Rectifier The output from the transformer is fed to the rectifier.
The rectifier may be a half wave or a full wave rectifier. In this project, a bridge rectifier is used because of its merits like good stability and full wave rectification The Bridge rectifier is a circuit, which converts an ac voltage to dc voltage using both half cycles of the input ac voltage.
The Bridge rectifier circuit is shown in the figure.
The circuit has four diodes connected to form a bridge. The ac input voltage is applied to the diagonally opposite ends of the bridge. The load resistance is connected between the other two ends of the bridge. The conducting diodes will be in series with the load resistance RL and hence the load current flows through RL.
The conducting diodes D2 and D4 will be in series with the load resistance RL and hence the current flows through RL in the same direction as in the previous half cycle.
Thus a bi-directional wave is converted into a unidirectional wave. Filter Capacitive filter is used in this project. It removes the ripples from the output of rectifier and smoothens the D.
Output received from this filter is constant until the mains voltage and load is maintained constant. However, if either of the two is varied, D.
Therefore a regulator is applied at the output stage. Voltage regulator As the name itself implies, it regulates the input applied to it.
A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level. In this project, power supply of 5V and 12V are required. In order to obtain these voltage levels, and voltage regulators are to be used. The first number 78 represents positive supply and the numbers 05, 12 represent the required output voltage levels.
These regulators can provide local on-card regulation, eliminating the distribution problems associated with single point regulation. Each type employs internal current limiting, thermal shut-down and safe area protection, making it essentially indestructible. If adequate heat sinking is provided, they can deliver over 1 A output current.
Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators, these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltage and currents. What is all this about?
The whole story began in the far 80s when Intel launched its series of the microcontrollers labeled with MCS Although, several circuits belonging to this Series had quite modest features in comparison to the new ones; they took over the world very fast and became a standard for what nowadays is meant by a word microcontroller.
The reason for success and such a big popularity is a skillfully chosen configuration which satisfies needs of a great number of the users allowing at the same time stable expanding refers to the new types of the microcontrollers.
That is the reason for having a great number of various microcontrollers which actually are solely upgraded versions of the Display Technology and Candidate Quiz Buzzer Essay as the first buzzer is pressed.
This quiz buzzer can be used for a maximum of eight teams. This quiz buzzer system has eight input pins corresponding to eight teams. The output is displayed on a seven segment display (interfaced with microcontroller), which shows the number corresponding.
8 CANDIDATE QUIZ BUZZER USING MICROCONTROLLER - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. The quiz buzzer systems are widely used in school, colleges and TV programs.
The team which presses the buzzer earliest is entitled to give the answer. At times it becomes very difficult to identify which team has pressed the button when two 5/5(3).
8 CANDIDATE QUIZ BUZZER USING MICROCONTROLLER Submit microcontroller as the controller and the output devices being a buzzer and a display. Another problem arises when two members pressed th button at a negligible interval and it is difficult to guess who has pressed the buzzer first.
more teams can be added by using another set 8 push. technology has its benefits as well as its disadvantages. The and the location of the accident is detected with the help of rise in technology has increased the rate of road accidents the GPS module.
Microcontroller Based Mini Projects Ideas: 2. 8 Candidate Quiz Buzzer Using Microcontroller (AT89C51) This system of quiz buzzer is extensively brought into play in colleges, schools and Television shows.
The players who buzz the buzzer quickly are allowed to answer the question. Electroluminescent Display Technology; GSM Based. I am designing the following circuit for my college quiz club.
I have replaced the bulbs BL1 to BL8 with suitable LEDs and resistors. Now, the issue here is that given a 5V input (from a USB hub), the logic works fine, but the LEDs are very weakly lit and the buzzer doesn't produce any sound.