Hence its dictionary definition: In an essay on Kafka, Ionesco defined his understanding of the term as follows:
Communist society Save In Marxist thought, communist society or the communist system is the type of society and economic system postulated to emerge from technological advances in the productive forcesrepresenting the ultimate goal of the political ideology of Communism.
A communist society is characterized by common ownership of the means of production with free access to the articles of consumption and is classless and stateless , implying the end of the exploitation of labour.
This would allow for distribution based on need and social relations based on freely-associated individuals. In this respect communism is differentiated from socialismwhich, out of economic necessity, restricts access to articles of consumption and services based on one's contribution.
In this sense, communism involves the "negation of property" insofar as there would be little economic rationale for exclusive control over production assets in an environment of material abundance.
Marx held the view that socialism—a system based on social ownership of the means of production—would enable progress toward the development of fully developed communism by further advancing productive technology.
Under socialism, with its increasing levels of automation, an increasing proportion of goods would be distributed freely. A communist system would thus free individuals from alienation in the sense of having one's life structured around survival making a wage or salary in a capitalist systemwhich Marx referred to as a transition from the "realm of necessity" to the "realm of freedom.
Karl Marx considered "true richness" to be the amount of time one has at his disposal to pursue one's creative passions. In a communist society, economic necessity and relations would cease to determine cultural and social relations.
As scarcity is eliminated, alienated labor would cease and people would be free to pursue their individual goals. The capitalist state mainly exists to enforce hierarchical economic relations, to enforce the exclusive control of property, and to regulate capitalistic economic activities—all of which would be non-applicable to a communist system.
Natural resources would become public propertywhile all manufacturing centers and workplaces would become socially owned and democratically managed. Production would be organized by scientific assessment and planningthus eliminating what Marx called the "anarchy in production".
The development of the productive forces would lead to the marginalization of human labor to the highest possible extent, to be gradually replaced by automated labor. Open-source and peer production Many aspects of a communist economy have emerged in recent decades in the form of open-source software and hardwarewhere source code and thus the means of producing software is held in common and freely accessible to everyone; and to the processes of peer production where collaborative work processes produce freely available software that does not rely on monetary valuation.
Michel Bauwens juxtaposes open source and peer production with "market production". Communism is a classless social system with one form of public ownership of the means of production and with full social equality of all members of society. Under communism, the all-round development of people will be accompanied by the growth of the productive forces on the basis of continuous progress in science and technology, all the springs of social wealth will flow abundantly, and the great principle "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs" will be implemented.
Communism is a highly organised society of free, socially conscious working people a society in which public self-government will be established, a society in which labour for the good of society will become the prime vital requirement of everyone, a clearly recognised necessity, and the ability of each person will be employed to the greatest benefit of the people.
The material and technical foundation of communism presupposes the creation of those productive forces that open up opportunities for the full satisfaction of the reasonable requirements of society and the individual.
All productive activities under communism will be based on the use of highly efficient technical facilities and technologies, and the harmonious interaction of man and nature will be ensured.
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