Satellite Office on Centennial Interpersonal Skills Interpersonal skills are measures of how adept you are at interacting with others. Active listening is an interpersonal skill, as is knowing how to communicate to someone else that you respect him or her. When problems arise you use your interpersonal skills to resolve conflict with others.
References Introduction Psychological trauma has become recognized as a common risk factor for many problems that individuals experience, both psychological and somatic. Briere and Scottin their review of the literature, have identified exposure to trauma as a risk factor for a wide range of psychiatric diagnoses.
While trauma has been specifically implicated etiologically in the diagnoses that constitute the Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders section of the DSM-5 as well as in the development of Dissociative Identity Disorder DIDresearch has indicated that trauma exposure accounts for significant parts of the variance of the development of depression, anxiety disorders, Cluster B personality disorders, many Somatic symptom and related disorders, and some kinds of psychosis.
Additionally, trauma exposure is frequently present in the histories of people with compulsive and addictive behaviors, with substance abuse being one of the two most frequently diagnosed comorbid conditions for individuals with PTSD.
Despite this near-ubiquity, training in trauma treatment is rarely offered during the professional education of psychotherapists. Trauma-informed care in mental health and medicine is emerging as an important aspect of providing high quality services to all patients, and yet training for trauma-informed care appears to be minimal in almost all disciplines.
For psychotherapists further along in their careers, training in trauma has generally required sufficient pre-existing interest and commitment to attend continuing education courses and conferences or seek specialized consultation.
Because of this dearth of formal training on the topic of trauma, myths and misconceptions about what constitutes a traumatic stressor, definitions of trauma, assessment of post-traumatic phenomena, and appropriate treatment strategies abound.
Self-care for psychotherapists working with trauma survivors is essential, yet training in the subtleties of such self-care is also generally absent from the experiences of professionals. There are three courses in this series that are meant to be taken in sequence with one another, to offer basic information about trauma, to prepare psychotherapists to function effectively with trauma survivors, and to offer what is increasingly being referred to as trauma-informed care.
A focus of these courses will be the development of a culturally-competent integrative model of trauma treatment that eschews a one-size-fits-all approach for a nuanced understanding of how events are experienced as traumatic by individuals.
These courses will focus on the treatment of adult survivors of trauma, although a thorough understanding of developmental phenomena is a necessary foundation for working with adult trauma survivors, many of whom experience themselves as younger in their emotional and cognitive capacities than would be expected by their chronological ages.
This first course, Becoming a Trauma-Aware Therapist: Definitions and Assessment, covers questions regarding what constitutes a trauma, and how to assess for its effects in a range of ways. The second course, Treating Trauma: Basic Skills and Specific Treatments, introduces an over-arching framework for trauma treatment, and then reviews the large variety of specific treatments for trauma that are now available, briefly reviewing recent meta-analyses of some of these treatments.
That course also examines how the common factors of psychotherapy are essential components of trauma-informed therapy practice. The third course, Emotional and Cultural Competence in the Trauma-Aware Therapist, explores being sensitive to the patient's multilayered cultural identities when being treated for trauma, as well as that of the therapist working with the trauma patient.
Definitions What constitutes a trauma is often naively thought of as self-evident. All traumas are large, frightening, uncommon events — or so goes the mythology about trauma.
However, for psychotherapists wishing to competently address experiences that are responded to with post-traumatic symptom pictures, an expanded understanding and definition of trauma is necessary. Some events that constitute a trauma are not perceived as such until weeks, months, or years after the fact, although post-traumatic symptoms will be emerging well before individuals appraise themselves as having been exposed to a traumatic experience.A MODEL FOR EFFECTIVE SERVANT LEADERSHIP PRACTICE: A BIBLICALLY-CONSISTENT AND RESEARCH-BASED APPROACH Engaging in Honest Self-Evaluation Regression Model Based on Items in the Organizational Leadership Assessment,” International Journal of .
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